The representation of formatting is another problem for the HCI Bibliography. The refer manual suggests using troff codes, but this would create search problems for all users and display problems for non-troff users. Formatting information such as filling, bold, italic, underline, subscript, superscript, and paragraph indentation are all problems that should be addressed, but there are no conventions. Some mnemonics for special characters and formatting are enclosed in curly braces.
The following table describes the standard codes used by the refer system and extensions used in the HCI Bibliography. The description of the refer code is based on UNIX documentation, while the comments discuss current and future conventions for the HCI Bibliography. If a comment begins with an equal sign, then it means that the HCI Bibliography is redefining the meaning of that field. If a comment begins with a plus sign, then it means that the HCI Bibliography is augmenting the meaning of that field.
CODE DESCRIPTION OF REFER CODE COMMENTS %A Author's name pointer to author record %B Book containing article referenced %T of edited book, proceedings %C City (place of publication) +place of presentation %D Date of publication %E Editor of book containing article +multiple %E fields allowed %F Footnote number or label (computed) USELESS but must be kept clear %G Government order number =ISBN, ISSN or other number %H Header commentary, printed before ref. USELESS? %I Issuer (publisher) pointer to pub. record, imply %C %J Journal containing article pointer to journal record %K Keywords to help search for references init. upper-case, comma separated %L Label field used by -k option of refer should be kept clear %M Bell Labs Memorandum (undefined) mnemonic id / modification info. %N Number of issue within volume +chapt/sect/rept #, # ents. %O Other commentary, printed after ref. the field of last resort %P Page number(s) +book/conf/rept # pages %Q Corporate, Foreign Author unreversed author name %R Report, paper, thesis (unpublished) %T of tech. report, thesis %S Series title +book/jour/conf sect. title %T Title of article or book mixed case title format %U User email address %V Volume number used with with %N %W undefined by refer reserved for future use %X Abstract filled text, matching line-by-line %Y Table of Contents ignored by refer %Z References ignored by refer %$ Purchase Price member/other cost %* Copyright Notice accompanies all fields %^ Contained Parts or Containing Doc currently unused
%T An Eye for an Eye for an Arm and a Leg: Applied Dysfunctional Measurement %A Gary Perlman %D 1981 %J Journal of Irreproducible Results %V 27 %N 4 %P 29-30 %O Also in The Best of the Journal of Irreproducible Results, G. H. Scherr (ed.) %X An arm and a leg are not worth two eyes; they are worth less. %Y Method Results Discussion Footnote