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HFS Tables of Contents: 87-187-288-188-289-189-290-190-291-191-292-192-293-193-294-194-295-195-2

Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting 1991-09-02

Fullname:Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting
Note:Visions
Location:San Francisco, California
Dates:1991-Sep-02 to 1991-Sep-06
Volume:1
Publisher:HFS
Standard No:ISSN 0163-5182; TA 166 H794; hcibib: HFS91-1
Papers:203
Pages:1-894
Links:Online Proceedings
  1. HFS 1991-09-02 Volume 1
    1. Presidential Address
    2. Aerospace Systems: Displays I: HUDs, Attitude Indicators, and Sensor Displays
    3. Aerospace Systems: Aircraft and Airways Facilities Maintenance: Components of the National Human Factors Plan
    4. Aerospace Systems: Situational Awareness: Tools and Measurement
    5. Aerospace Systems: Perceptual and Cognitive Factors Influencing Pilot Performance
    6. Aerospace Systems: Displays II: Situational Displays and Symbology
    7. Aerospace Systems: Cockpit Automation: Attitudes, Preferences, and Guidelines
    8. Aerospace Systems: Panel
    9. Aerospace Systems: Pilot-System Interfacing: Anthropometrics and Information Systems
    10. Aerospace Systems: Potpourri: Displays, Teleoperation, and Workstation Analyses
    11. Aging: On Making Driving Elder-Friendly
    12. Aging: Behavior and Aging
    13. Aging: Age-Related Slowing of Behavior
    14. Communications: Experimental Studies of Communication Systems
    15. Communications: Design and Evaluation of Phone-Based Interfaces
    16. Communications: Panel
    17. Computer Systems: Keyboards and Input Devices
    18. Computer Systems: Panel
    19. Computer Systems: Knowledge Acquisition and Expert Systems
    20. Computer Systems: Input Techniques
    21. Computer Systems: Hypertext and Multimedia
    22. Computer Systems: Development Tools and Techniques
    23. Computer Systems: Potpourri
    24. Computer Systems: Handwriting, Speech, and Other Input Techniques
    25. Computer Systems: Computer-Based Displays
    26. Computer Systems: Complex Systems and Information Access
    27. Computer Systems: Panel
    28. Computer Systems: Models and Modeling
    29. Computer Systems: Invited Address
    30. Consumer Products: Applying Human Factors to Consumer Product Design
    31. Consumer Products: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Government Mandated Alcoholic Beverage Warning
    32. Consumer Products: Design Tools and Methods
    33. Consumer Products: Evaluating Product Usability
    34. Consumer Products: Interface Design for Text, Numerics, and Speech
    35. Educators' Professional: Alternative Methods of Human Factors Education
    36. Educators' Professional: Use of Microcomputers in Teaching Human Factors in Aviation
    37. Educators' Professional: Panel
    38. Environmental Design: Design of Spaces and Lighting
    39. Environmental Design: Human Performance and Environmental Design
    40. Forensics Professional: Warnings: Factors Related to Effectiveness
    41. Forensics Professional: Real-World Problems and Practices in Forensics
    42. General Sessions: Panel
    43. General Sessions: Auditory Performance: A Model to Predict Task Performance as a Function of Auditory Workload
    44. General Sessions: Designing for the Future of Nuclear Power Plants: International Perspectives on Advanced Control Room Design and Philosophy
    45. General Sessions: Human Performance Assessment in the Nuclear Power Industry
    46. General Sessions: Panel
    47. General Sessions: Human Factors of Medical Radioisotope Usage
    48. General Sessions: Panel
    49. General Sessions: Vocal Indicators of Stress, Workload, and Intoxication: Speech Analysis Techniques
    50. General Sessions: Human Factors Issues in Medicine
    51. General Sessions: Potpourri
    52. Industrial Ergonomics: Muscle Physiology
    53. Industrial Ergonomics: Strength Testing and Modeling
    54. Industrial Ergonomics: Performance
    55. Industrial Ergonomics: Biomechanical Analysis and Modeling
    56. Industrial Ergonomics: Manual Material Handling
    57. Industrial Ergonomics: Ergonomics Issues in Low Back Pain
    58. Industrial Ergonomics: Cumulative Trauma Disorders
    59. Industrial Ergonomics: Potpourri
    60. Industrial Ergonomics: Heat Stress / Personal Protective Equipment

HFS 1991-09-02 Volume 1

Presidential Address

Automation, Authority and Angst -- Revisited BIBA 2-6
  Thomas B. Sheridan

Aerospace Systems: Displays I: HUDs, Attitude Indicators, and Sensor Displays

Up/Down in (Im)Possible Flight Attitude Indicators -- Some Effects of Colour, Shape and Pattern -- BIBA 7-11
  Sven Dahlstedt
HUD Climb/Dive Ladder Configuration and Unusual Attitude Recovery BIB- 12-16
  Lisa F. Weinstein; William R. Ercoline
The Effect of Roll-Stabilized Sensor Information on Pilot Performance BIB- 17-21
  M. Ali Montazer; Michael J. Ferranti
The Effects of Head and Sensor Movement on Flight Profiles during Simulated Dive Bombing BIB- 22-26
  Maxwell J. Wells; Robert K. Osgood

Aerospace Systems: Aircraft and Airways Facilities Maintenance: Components of the National Human Factors Plan

Aircraft and Airways Facilities Maintenance: Components of the National Plan for Aviation Human Factors BIB- 27
  William B. Johnson; William T. Shepherd; Daryle Jean Gardner-Bonneau; Colin G. Drury
The National Plan for Aviation Human Factors: Maintenance Research Issues BIB- 28-32
  William B. Johnson
Future Availability of Aircraft Maintenance Personnel BIB- 33-36
  William T. Shepherd; James F., Jr. Parker
Ongoing and Planned R&D Efforts in Airway Facilities Maintenance BIB- 37-41
  Daryle Jean Gardner-Bonneau; John L. Wiley
Errors in Aviation Maintenance: Taxonomy and Control BIB- 42-46
  Colin G. Drury

Aerospace Systems: Situational Awareness: Tools and Measurement

The Development of an Altitude Awareness Program: An Integrated Approach BIB- 47-51
  Thomas M. Granda; Donald H. McClure; James W. Fogarty
Individual Pilot Differences Related to Situation Awareness BIB- 52-56
  Cheryl A. Bolstad
Insights into Pilot Situation Awareness Using Verbal Protocol Analysis BIB- 57-61
  Christopher Sullivan; Harold S. Blackman
Workload or Situational Awareness?: TLX vs. SART for Aerospace Systems Design Evaluation BIB- 62-66
  S. J. Selcon; R. M. Taylor; E. Koritsas

Aerospace Systems: Perceptual and Cognitive Factors Influencing Pilot Performance

The Effect of Type of Task, Degree of Integration, and Modality on the Performance of Concurrent Tasks BIBA 67-71
  Richard J. Thome
Experimental Validation of the Attention Switching Component of the COGNET Framework BIBA 72-76
  Joan M. Ryder; Wayne W. Zachary
Behavioral Validation of a Hazardous Thought Pattern Instrument BIBA 77-81
  Robert W. Holt; Deborah A. Boehm-Davis; Karen A. Fitzgerald; Margaret M. Matyuf; Wayne A. Baughman; David C. Littman
Headphone Localization of Speech Stimuli BIBA 82-86
  Durand R. Begault; Elizabeth M. Wenzel

Aerospace Systems: Displays II: Situational Displays and Symbology

Perspective versus Plan View Air Traffic Control Displays: Survey and Empirical Results BIBA 87-91
  Meridyth Svensa Burnett; Woodrow Barfield
Electronic Map Interpretation in a Dual-Task Context BIBA 92-96
  Henry P. Williams; Christopher D. Wickens
Target Designation in a Perspective View, 3-D Map Using a Joystick, Hand Tracker, or Voice BIBA 97-101
  Kristen K. Barthelemy; John M. Reising; David C. Hartsock
Evaluation of a Proposed Space and Missile Warning Symbology Standard for Graphical Displays BIBA 102-106
  Janet S. Blackwell; Donna L. Cuomo

Aerospace Systems: Cockpit Automation: Attitudes, Preferences, and Guidelines

Pilots' Attitudes to Cockpit Automation BIB- 107-111
  A. J. McClumpha; M. James; R. G. Green; A. J. Belyavin
Response to an Automated Function Failure Cue: An Operational Measure of Complacency BIB- 112-115
  Robert K. Knapp; Jennifer J. Vardaman
Complex Task Performance as a Basis for Developing Cognitive Engineering Guidelines in Adaptive Automation BIB- 116-120
  Jonathan P. Gluckman; Jeffrey G. Morrison; John E. Deaton
Tailoring the Pilot's Associate to Match Pilot Preferences BIB- 121-124
  Carol Lynn A. Judge; Richard A. Smith; Carl A. Beaudet

Aerospace Systems: Panel

Human Factors of Space Exploration BIB- 125-126
  Michael G. Shafto

Aerospace Systems: Pilot-System Interfacing: Anthropometrics and Information Systems

The Development of the Boeing Human Model BIB- 127-131
  R. C. Underwood; D. L. Hilby; T. B. Holzhauser; B. E. Tedlund
Reclined Seating in Advanced Crewstations: Human Performance Considerations BIB- 132-136
  John E. Deaton; Edward Hitchcock
Effects of Error-Proofing and Chemical/Biological/Radiation Protective Glove Use on Touch Panel Operation BIB- 137-140
  Dennis B. Beringer
A Systems Analysis to Identify Human Factors Issues and Requirements for Data Link BIB- 141-145
  Victor Riley

Aerospace Systems: Potpourri: Displays, Teleoperation, and Workstation Analyses

Colour Head-Up Displays: Help or Hindrance? BIBA 146-150
  Helen J. Dudfield
Adaptive Strategies of Remote Systems Operators Exposed to Perturbed Camera-Viewing Conditions BIB- 151-155
  Mark A. Stuart; Meera K. Manahan; John M. Bierschwale; Carlos E. Sampaio; A. Jay Legendre
Evaluating Robot Procedures and Tasks for the Flight Telerobotic Servicer BIB- 156-159
  Timothy A. Sauerwein; John A. Molino
Task-Analytic Evaluations of Space Station Freedom Workstations BIB- 160-163
  Manuel F. Diaz; Dean G. Jensen

Aging: On Making Driving Elder-Friendly

A Follow-Up of the Mature Driver Study: Another Look at Age and Sex Effects BIB- 164-166
  Lila F. Laux
Designing and Operating Safer Highways for Older Drivers: Present and Future Research Issues BIB- 167-171
  Truman Mast

Aging: Behavior and Aging

Residential Fire Safety Needs of Older Adults BIB- 172-176
  Neil D. Lerner; Richard W. Huey
Adoption of ATM Technology by Elderly Users BIB- 177-179
  Janan Al-Awar Smither; Curt C. Braun; Robert D. Smither
An Analytical Study of the Effects of Age and Experience on Flight Safety BIB- 180-184
  Patrick C. Guide; Richard S. Gibson
Psychological Distress in Relation to Employee Age and Job Tenure BIB- 185-187
  Lawrence R. Murphy

Aging: Age-Related Slowing of Behavior

Age-Related Slowing of Behavior BIB- 188-192
  Max Vercruyssen
Aging and Speed of Behavior: CNS Arousal and Reaction Time Distribution Analyses BIB- 193-197
  Gretchen L. Greatorex
Longitudinal Analysis of Age Changes in Speed of Behavior BIB- 198-202
  Sara L. Reynolds
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analyses of Set in Relation to Age BIB- 203-207
  Jen-Yi Chang
Effects of Age and Sex on Speed and Accuracy of Hand Movements: And the Refinements They Suggest for Fitts' Law BIBA 208-212
  George Erich Brogmus

Communications: Experimental Studies of Communication Systems

Text-to-Speech Technology for Dual Party Relay Services BIBA 213-216
  Yao-Chung Tsao
Evaluating Transmission Quality in Mobile Telecommunication Systems Using Conversation Tests BIBA 217-221
  Demetrios Karis
What Makes a Manual Look Easy to Use? BIBA 222-224
  Joel S. Angiolillo; Linda A. Roberts
Quantitative Guidelines for Telephone Information Systems BIBA 225-229
  Sung H. Han; Beverly H. Williges; Robert C. Williges

Communications: Design and Evaluation of Phone-Based Interfaces

The Truncation of Prompts in Phone Based Interfaces: Using TOTT in Evaluations BIBA 230-234
  Rory Stuart; Heather Desurvire; Shelly Dews
Using Menus to Access Computers via Phone-Based Interfaces BIBA 235-239
  Marta A. Miller; Jeffrey W. Elias
A Preference Evaluation of Three Dialing Plans for a Residential, Phone-Based, Information Service BIBA 240-243
  Robert A. Virzi
Auditory versus Visual Presentation of Help Messages BIBA 244-248
  Pamela A. Savage; David G. Kemp; David E. Payne

Communications: Panel

Designing Usable Documentation: New Directions for Human Factors BIBA 249-250
  Joel S. Angiolillo; Aaron Marcus; Steven M. Casey; Susan Dumais

Computer Systems: Keyboards and Input Devices

User Assessment of Standard and Reduced-Size Numeric Keypads BIBA 251-252
  David F. Loricchio; James R. Lewis
Fingertip Forces While Using Three Different Keyboards BIBA 253-255
  David Rempel; Jack Gerson
Integrating Cursor Control into the Computer Keyboard BIBA 256-260
  Rick Gill; Sallie Gordon; Steven Dean; Daniel McGehee
Effects of Physical Ability on Working Memory Requirements, Keystroke Rate, and Subjective Workload of Computer Input Devices BIBA 261-265
  Mary Klein; Don Malzahn

Computer Systems: Panel

Usability Testing: Where are We and Where are We Going? BIBA 266-267
  Joseph S. Dumas; David A. Schell; Judith Ramey; Anna M. Wichansky

Computer Systems: Knowledge Acquisition and Expert Systems

Empirical Comparisons of Knowledge Acquisition Techniques BIBA 268-272
  Brian P. McCloskey; James Geiwitz; James Kornell
Knowledge Acquisition Techniques: A Case Study in the Design of a Reference Materials Access Tool BIBA 273-277
  Philip J. Smith; Lorraine F. Normore; Rebecca Denning
Front-End Analysis for Expert System Design BIBA 278-282
  Sallie E. Gordon
A Comparison of Two Tools for Cognitive Task Analysis: Concept Mapping and the Critical Decision Method BIBA 283-285
  Marvin L. Thordsen

Computer Systems: Input Techniques

A Comparison of Touch and Mouse Interaction Techniques for a Graphical Windowing Software Environment BIBA 286-289
  Robert Mack; Frank Montaniz
A Comparison of Touch Interface Techniques for a Graphical Windowing Software Environment BIBA 290-294
  Frank Montaniz; Robert Mack
Perceived Difficulty and User Control in Mouse Usage BIBA 295-299
  Greg W. Hill; William A. Gunn; Shirley L. Martin; David R. Schwartz
Using Velocity Control to Navigate 3D Graphical Environments: A Comparison of Three Interfaces BIBA 300-304
  Colin Ware; Leonard Slipp

Computer Systems: Hypertext and Multimedia

Effect of Hypertext Cue Presentation on Knowledge Representation BIBA 305-309
  Alan J. Happ; Sharon L. Stanners
The Missing Link? Comparison of Manual and Automated Linking in Hypertext Engineering BIBA 310-314
  Bernd Nordhausen; Mark H. Chignell; John Waterworth
Development of a Multisensory Nonvisual Interface to Computers for Blind Users BIBA 315-318
  Gregg C. Vanderheiden; Wesley Boyd; John H., Jr. Mendenhall; Kelly Ford
Video Annotation and Multimedia Interfaces: From Theory to Practice BIBA 319-323
  Beverly L. Harrison

Computer Systems: Development Tools and Techniques

"Works as Advertised": Observations and Benefits of Prototyping BIBA 324-327
  Charles E. Bellantone; Thomas M. Lanzetta
Twenty-Two Tips for a Happier, Healthier Prototype BIBA 328-331
  James Rudd; Scott Isensee
Computer-Aided Human Factors for Systems Designers BIBA 332-336
  Kenneth R. Boff; Donald L. Monk; Sarah J. Swierenga; Clifford E. Brown; William J. Cody
A Pilot Evaluation of the Use of a Decision Support Center for Application Requirements Gathering BIBA 337-340
  Thomas M. Lanzetta

Computer Systems: Potpourri

Reaching Students through Intelligent Tutoring Technology: A Trial of ITS-Based Remediation BIBA 341-344
  Wayne D. Gray; E. Robert Radlinski; Bart Burns; Haresh Sabnani; Anders Morch; Michael E. Atwood
Converting Research into Reality BIBA 345-349
  Robert W. Bailey
A Comparative Investigation of Hardcopy vs. Online Documentation BIBA 350-353
  F. S. Hunter Krauss; Kathi A. Middendorf; LaCinda S. Willits
Transfer between Icon Sets and Ratings of Icon Concreteness and Appropriateness BIBA 354-358
  R. B. Stammers; J. Hoffman

Computer Systems: Handwriting, Speech, and Other Input Techniques

An Evaluation of Recognition Accuracy for Discrete and Run-On Writing BIBA 359-363
  Catherine G. Wolf; Andria R. Glasser; Tetsu Fujisaki
Methods for Formatting Text Produced with a Speech-Based Editor BIBA 364-368
  Catalina M. Danis
Using Enlarged Target Area and Constant Visual Feedback to Aid Cursor Pointing Tasks BIBA 369-373
  Glenn A. Osga

Computer Systems: Computer-Based Displays

Display Format and Highlighting Validity Effects on Search Performance Using Complex Visual Displays BIBA 374-378
  Kimberly A. Donner; Tim McKay; Kevin M. O'Brien; Marianne Rudisill
Placement of Menu Choices BIBA 379-382
  Robert W. Allan; Robert W. Bailey; Gregory S. McIntyre; Michelle Bozza
Evaluation Issues for Computer-Based Control Rooms BIBA 383-387
  William F. Stubler; Emilie M. Roth; Randall J. Mumaw
2-D vs. 3-D Display for Multidimensional Data Visualization: The Relationship Between Task Integrality and Display Proximity BIBA 388-392
  David H. Merwin; Christopher D. Wickens

Computer Systems: Complex Systems and Information Access

EASI: An Electronic Assistant for Scientific Investigation BIBA 393-397
  Anne Schur; Dave Feller; Mike DeVaney; Jim Thomas; Morgan Yim
Iterative Searching in an Online Database BIBA 398-402
  Susan T. Dumais; Deborah G. Schmitt
Analysis and Aiding the Human Operator in Electronics Assembly BIBA 403-407
  Sally Cohen; Christine M. Mitchell; T. Govindaraj
Human-Computer Cooperative Problem Solving in Satellite Ground Control BIBA 408-412
  Patricia M. Jones; Christine M. Mitchell

Computer Systems: Panel

Experiences with Computer Glove Input Devices BIB 413-415
  Martin Prime; Alexander Hauptmann; William L. Chapin; Sidney Fels

Computer Systems: Models and Modeling

Cognitive Models of Planning in the Design of Project Management Systems BIBA 416-420
  Christine M. Pietras; Bruce G. Coury
Model-Based Interface Design for Transaction-Processing Tasks BIBA 421-424
  Richard L. Henneman; Michael Inderrieden; Charlene Benson
Enhancing Human-Computer Interaction through Use of Embedded COGNET Models BIBA 425-429
  Wayne W. Zachary; Lorna Ross
Task-Based Modeling of the User Population of a Complex Interactive System Domain BIBA 430-433
  Karl Melder; Deborah Hix

Computer Systems: Invited Address

Cashing in the Chips: Applying Cognitive Theory to Human Factors BIB 434
  David E. Kieras

Consumer Products: Applying Human Factors to Consumer Product Design

Automated Machines Designed to Interface with the Extremely Resistant Population BIBA 435-439
  Kamran Abedini

Consumer Products: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Government Mandated Alcoholic Beverage Warning

Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Government Mandated Alcoholic Beverage Warning BIB 440
  Kenneth R. Laughery
Knowledge of Warning Labels on Alcoholic Beverage Containers BIB- 441-445
  Lee Kaskutas; Tom Greenfield
The New Alcohol Warning Labels: How Noticeable Are They? BIB- 446-450
  Sandra S. Godfrey; Kenneth R. Laughery; Stephen L. Young; Kent P. Vaubel; John W. Brelsford; Keith A. Laughery; Elizabeth Horn
Alcohol Beverage Warnings in Print Advertisements BIB- 451-455
  Todd Barlow; Michael S. Wogalter
Posted Warning Placard: Effects on College Students Knowledge of Alcohol Facts and Hazards BIB- 456-460
  Michael J. Kalsher; Steven W. Clarke; Michael S. Wogalter

Consumer Products: Design Tools and Methods

Use of an Eyetracking System in the Usability Laboratory BIBA 461-465
  Denise C. R. Benel; Donald, Jr. Ottens; Richard Horst
Eyes -- Ergonomics in a Conceptual Design Process for Consumer Electronic Products BIB- 466-470
  Myun W. Lee; Myung Hwan Yun; Donghyun Park; Young Ho Chun; Eui S. Jung; Andris Freivalds
Increasing Human Factors Effectiveness in Product Design BIB- 471-475
  Wayne Fisher

Consumer Products: Evaluating Product Usability

Evaluation of Potential Safety Modifications by Review of Accident Reports BIB- 476-480
  Thomas J. Ayres; Madeleine M. Gross; Graeme Fowler; Roger L. McCarthy; Ann Kalinowski; Edmund Lau
Effects of Explicitness in Conveying Severity Information in Product Warnings BIB- 481-485
  Kenneth R., Sr. Laughery; Anna L. Rowe-Hallbert; Stephen L. Young; Kent P. Vaubel; Lila F. Laux

Consumer Products: Interface Design for Text, Numerics, and Speech

The Design of Keyboard Templates BIBA 486-490
  Peter R. Nolan
Legibility of Seven Segment Numeric LED Displays: Comparisons of Two Fonts at Various Distances BIBA 491-495
  Jon Gunderson; George Gruetzmacher; Naomi Swanson
Limits of Intelligibility of Accelerated Synthesized Speech by Inexperienced Sighted and Experienced Blind Listeners BIBA 496-500
  Jon Gunderson
Designing User Interface Guidelines for Time-Shift Programming on a Video Cassette Recorder (VCR) BIBA 501-504
  Linda I. Hoffberg

Educators' Professional: Alternative Methods of Human Factors Education

The Thesis Simulation: An Approach for Teaching Research Skills in a Remote, Non-Thesis Program BIBA 505-507
  Thomas A. Dingus; Douglas J. Gillan
Showing What People Can and Cannot Do: Human Capacity and Limitations Demonstrations BIBA 508-512
  Ronald G. Shapiro; Royce M. White; Megan L. Brown; Roxann E. P. Adams

Educators' Professional: Use of Microcomputers in Teaching Human Factors in Aviation

Use of Microcomputers in Teaching Human Factors in Aviation BIB- 513-514
  William F. Moroney; John M. Flach; Martha Weller; Christopher D. Wickens; Brian W. Moroney; Mark W. Smolensky
Manual Control Laboratory BIB- 515-517
  John M. Flach
A Context-Based Introduction to Aircraft Radio Communications BIB- 518-522
  Martha H. Weller; Christopher D. Wickens
Utilizing a Microcomputer Based Flight Simulation in Teaching Human Factors in Aviation BIB- 523-527
  William F. Moroney; Brian W. Moroney
Using TRACON as a Teaching Tool BIB- 528-531
  Mark W. Smolensky

Educators' Professional: Panel

ABET Accreditation and Human Factors Engineering Course BIB 532-533
  S. Deivanayagam; Colin G. Drury; Robert D. Dryden; Stephan Konz; James L. Smith
Human Factors Design BIB 534-535
  James R. Buck; Tom B. Leamon; John G. Kreifeldt; Stephan Konz; Colin G. Drury

Environmental Design: Design of Spaces and Lighting

The Effects of Direct and Indirect Office Lighting on VDT Workers BIBA 536-540
  A. Hedge
Children's Human Factors in the Design of a Pre-School Educational Furnishings System BIB- 541-545
  Barbara K. Wise; James A. Wise
A "Walk Through" Ergonomic Analysis of a National Resort Hotel as a Conference Facility BIB- 546-550
  G. F. McVey; H. McIlvaine Parsons
Air Traffic Control Facility Lighting BIB- 551-555
  Paul A. Krois; David R. Lenorovitz; Patrick S. McKeon; Christine A. Snyder; Wayne K. Tobey; Howard S. Bashinski

Environmental Design: Human Performance and Environmental Design

Human Performance at the Roof of North America BIB- 556-560
  A. F. Kramer; J. T. Coyne; D. L. Strayer
Spatial Orientation and Wayfinding in Airport Passenger Terminals: Implications for Environmental Design BIB- 561-565
  Anthony D. Andre; Jefferson M. Koonce
A Prototype Modular Base System for Military Applications BIB- 566-570
  Thomas J. Frey
Crew Performance in Spacelab BIB- 571-574
  Harvey Wichman; Stewart I. Donaldson

Forensics Professional: Warnings: Factors Related to Effectiveness

Effects of Post-Exposure Description and Imaging on Subsequent Face Recognition Performance BIB- 575-579
  Michael S. Wogalter
Increasing the Noticeability of Warnings: Effects of Pictorial, Color, Signal Icon and Border BIBA 580-584
  Stephen L. Young
An Eye Scan Analysis of Accessing Product Warning Information BIB- 585-589
  Kenneth R., Sr. Laughery; Stephen L. Young
Strength and Understanding of Signal Words by Elementary and Middle School Students BIB- 590-594
  N. Clayton Silver; Michael S. Wogalter

Forensics Professional: Real-World Problems and Practices in Forensics

Some Uses of Experimental Techniques in Forensic Human Factors BIB- 595-599
  S. David Leonard; Edward W. Karnes
Visual Factors in Rail-Highway Grade Crossing Accidents BIB- 600-602
  Rudolf G. Mortimer
Partial Attention in Warning Failure: Observations from Accidents BIB- 603-605
  Gordon H. Robinson
What's on TV? Effects of Televised Advertising on Consumer Perceptions of Products and Product Safety BIB- 606-607
  David M. Cohen; H. Harvey Cohen

General Sessions: Panel

Safe and Healthy VDT Workplace Design: Is There a Scientific Basis? Are Standards Effective? Are Regulations Appropriate? BIBA 608
  David A. Thompson; Charles Abernethy; Harry Snyder; Benjamin Amick; Laura Stock

General Sessions: Auditory Performance: A Model to Predict Task Performance as a Function of Auditory Workload

Auditory Performance: A Model to Predict Task Performance as a Function of Auditory Workload: Overview BIBA 609-613
  Leslie J. Peters
Performance as a Function of Communication in Military Vehicle Simulators BIB- 614-617
  Leslie A. Whitaker
Auditory Performance: A Model to Predict Performance as a Function of Auditory Workload: Linguistic Factors BIBA 618-621
  Deborah P. Birkmire
Selective Auditory-Visual Interference Effects in a Dual Task Paradigm: Implications for Assessing Individual Differences BIBA 622-626
  David G. Payne

General Sessions: Designing for the Future of Nuclear Power Plants: International Perspectives on Advanced Control Room Design and Philosophy

Designing for the Future of Nuclear Power Plants: International Perspectives on Advanced Control Room Design and Philosophy: Symposium Overview BIB 627-628
  Jerry A. Wachtel; Richard P. Correia
Providing Decision Support in Westinghouse Nuclear Power Plant Man-Machine Interface Systems BIB- 629-633
  John P. Carrera; James R. Easter; Craig D. Watson
The Darlington Control Room and Operator Interface BIB- 634-638
  E. F. Fenton; W. Duckitt
Allowing for Human Factors in Computerized Procedure Design BIB- 639-642
  Yves Dien; Rene Montmayeul; Guy Beltranda
Advanced Control Complex for BWR Nuclear Power Plant BIB- 643-647
  Ichiro Tai; Norio Naito; Maomi Makino

General Sessions: Human Performance Assessment in the Nuclear Power Industry

Human Performance Assessment in the Nuclear Power Industry BIB- 648-649
  Richard J. Eckenrode
NRC Human Performance Investigation Process (HPIP) BIB 650-654
  Mark Paradies; Linda Unger; Ann Ramey-Smith
Investigation of Events Involving Human Performance BIB- 655-658
  Garmon, Jr. West; Richard J. Eckenrode; P. Clare Goodman
An Evaluation of Stress on Nuclear Plant Operators Due to Requalification Examinations BIB- 659-661
  David R. Desaulniers; Richard M. Pelton; Anne B. Sutthoff
Human Factors Information System: A Tool to Assess Error Related to Human Performance in U.S. Nuclear Power Plants BIB- 662-665
  P. Clare Goodman; Christina A. DiPalo

General Sessions: Panel

Now that You Have a Usability Lab, How Do You Make It Effective? BIBA 666-667
  Deborah Mrazek; Tom Cocklin; Robert Schumacher; Robert Virzi; Kay Chalupnik

General Sessions: Human Factors of Medical Radioisotope Usage

Human Factors of Medical Radioisotope Usage: Symposium Overview BIB 668-669
  Isabelle E. Schoenfeld
Toward a Conceptualization of Human Error in Teletherapy BIB- 670-674
  Kerm Henriksen; Ronald D. Kaye; Dolores S. Morisseau
Task Analysis of Remote Afterloading Brachytherapy Cancer Treatment BIB- 675-678
  James R. Callan; Richard T. Kelly; John W. Gwynne; Frederick A. Muckler; Isabelle Schoenfeld
Medical Misadministrations and "Peeping Tom" Research BIB- 679-681
  Dennis I. Serig

General Sessions: Panel

Human Factors and Medicine BIB 682-686
  Sue Bogner; Harold Van Cott; Richard Cook; Dennis Serig; David Gaba

General Sessions: Vocal Indicators of Stress, Workload, and Intoxication: Speech Analysis Techniques

Vocal Indicators of Stress, Workload, and Intoxication: Speech Analysis Techniques BIB 687-688
  Samuel G. Schiflett
Speech Analysis Techniques for Detecting Stress BIB- 689-693
  E. Thomas Doherty
Effects of Alcohol on Speech BIB- 694-698
  David B. Pisoni; Keith Johnson; Robert H. Bernacki

General Sessions: Human Factors Issues in Medicine

Impact of New Medical Technology on User Performance BIB- 699-702
  Richard T. Kelly; James R. Callan; Susan K. Meadows
Assessing User Compliance with Procedures for Soft Contact Lens Care BIB- 703-707
  James R. Callan; Richard T. Kelly; Blair F. Cardinal; John W. Gwynne; Margaret T. Tolbert; C. Richard Sawyer
Development of Tactile Mice for Blind Access to Computers: Importance of Stimulation Locus, Object Size, and Vibrotactile Display Resolution BIBA 708-712
  Steven F. Wiker; Gregg Vanderheiden; Seongil Lee; Steven Arndt
Using GOMS Model and Hypertext to Create Representations of Medical Procedures for Online Display BIBA 713-717
  Leo Gugerty; Shannon Halgren; John Gosbee; Marianne Rudisill

General Sessions: Potpourri

Evaluating the Behavioral Effectiveness of a Multi-Modal Voice Warning Sign in a Visually Cluttered Environment BIBA 718-722
  Michael S. Wogalter; Raheel Rashid; Steven W. Clarke; Michael J. Kalsher
Identifying the Temporal Patterning Confusions in Audio Displays: Developing Guideline for Complex Audio Displays BIBA 723-727
  Jeffrey M. Gerth

Industrial Ergonomics: Muscle Physiology

Toward a More Accurate Description of the EMG/Force Relationship of the Erector Spinae Muscles BIB- 728-732
  Gary A. Mirka; William S. Marras
Maximal Power Grasp Force as a Function of Wrist Position, Age and Glove Type: A Pilot Study BIB- 733-737
  D. L. McMullin; M. S. Hallbeck
Trunk Muscle Coactivation: The Effects of Load Asymmetry and Load Magnitude BIB- 738-742
  Steve Lavender; Gunnar B. J. Andersson; Yang-Hwei Tsuang; Ali Hafezi
The Effect of a Clean Suit on Physical Work Capacity BIB- 743-747
  Chol H. Kim; Jeffrey E. Fernandez; Tycho K. Fredericks; Chin C. Lim; Bahador Ghahramani

Industrial Ergonomics: Strength Testing and Modeling

The Effect of Wrist Posture on Pinch Strength BIB- 748-752
  Jeffrey E. Fernandez; Jalal B. Dahalan; Craig A. Halpern; V. Viswanath
The Effect of Gloves Wrist Position, and Age on Peak Three-Jaw Chuck Pinch Force: A Pilot Study BIB- 753-757
  M. S. Hallbeck; D. L. McMullin
Strength Demands of Chemical Plant Work Tasks BIB- 758-762
  Andrew S. Jackson; Hobart G. Osburn; Kenneth R. Laughery; Kent P. Vaubel
Validity of Isometric Strength Tests for Predicting Endurance Work Tasks of Coal Miners BIB- 763-767
  Andrew S. Jackson; Hobart G. Osburn; Kenneth R. Laughery

Industrial Ergonomics: Performance

Effects of Posture on Reaction Time: Influence of Gender and Practice BIBA 768-771
  Kevin Simonton; Max Vercruyssen; Kazuo Hashizume
Movement Tracking Performance as a Function of Required Force Level BIB- 772-775
  Jack P. Berkowitz; Jeffrey C. Woldstad
Human Factors Evaluation for High Volume Visual Inspection BIB- 776-780
  Joseph H. Goldberg; R. Darin Ellis
Work-Physiological Synchronization and Well-Being in a Repetitive Task BIB- 781-784
  Robert A. Henning; Steven L. Sauter

Industrial Ergonomics: Biomechanical Analysis and Modeling

Biomechanical Analysis of Horizontal Movement Strategies in the Sagittal Plane BIB- 785-789
  Marc L. Resnick; Don B. Chaffin; Muzaffer Erig
An Improved Simulation Based Biomechanical Model to Estimate Static Muscle Loadings BIB- 790-794
  Sudhakar L. Rajulu; William S. Marras; Barbara Woolford
A Three-Dimensional Motion Model and Validation of Loads on the Lumbar Spine BIB- 795-799
  W. S. Marras; C. M. Sommerich; K. P. Granata

Industrial Ergonomics: Manual Material Handling

Differences in Back Motion Characteristics as a Function of Task Direction BIB- 800-803
  Sue A. Ferguson; William S. Marras
The Effect of Confined Space on the Maximum Acceptable Weight of Lift BIB- 804-808
  Waldemar Karwowski; Hashim Alsabi
Strategies for Assessing Multi-Task Manual Lifting Jobs BIB- 809-813
  Thomas R. Waters
Physiological Models and Guidelines for the Design of High Frequency Shoulder Lifting Tasks BIB- 814-817
  S. S. Asfour; M. Akcin; M. Tritar; A. M. Genaidy

Industrial Ergonomics: Ergonomics Issues in Low Back Pain

A Symposium on Ergonomics Issues in Low Back Pain BIB 818-819
  T. M. Khalil; M. M. Ayoub; S. H. Snook; E. Abdel-Moty
Ergonomic Issues in Low Back Pain: Origin and Magnitude of the Problem BIB 820-824
  Tarek M. Khalil
Determining Permissible Lifting Loads: An Approach BIB- 825-829
  M. M. Ayoub
Low Back Disorders in Industry BIB- 830-833
  Stover H. Snook
Ergonomics Issues in Low Back Pain: Intervention Strategies BIB- 834-837
  Elsayed Abdel-Moty

Industrial Ergonomics: Cumulative Trauma Disorders

Quantification for Wrist Motion and Cumulative Trauma Disorders in Industry BIB- 838-842
  Richard W. Schoenmarklin; William S. Marras
Handle and Trigger Size Effects on Power Tool Operation BIB- 843-847
  Robert G. Radwin; Seoungyeon Oh
Knife Replacement Studies at an Automobile Carpet Manufacturing Plant BIB- 848-852
  Donghyun Park; Myung Hwan Yun; Andris Freivalds
Incidence of Upper Extremity Pain in Railroad Maintenance and Repair Operations BIB- 853-856
  Michael W. Riley; Terry L. Stentz

Industrial Ergonomics: Potpourri

Differences in Execution Times of Chords on the Ternary Chord Keyboard BIBA 857-861
  Thomas F. Callaghan
Ergonomic Challenges in Supermarket Front-End Workstations BIB- 862-866
  Thomas J. Sluchak
Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Major Agricultural Industries BIB- 867-871
  Thomas G. Bobick; John R. Myers; David L. Hard; John E. Parker
Visibility and Task Demands for Remote Control Continuous Mining Machine Operation BIB- 872-874
  Arnold C. Love; Robert F. Randolph

Industrial Ergonomics: Heat Stress / Personal Protective Equipment

Prediction of the Rectal Temperature Using Modified Apparent Temperature (MAT) Model BIB- 875-879
  Yeong-Guk Kwon; Jerry Ramsey
Intercomparison of Heat Stress Indices and Heat Strain Indices BIB- 880-884
  C. H. Lee
Effects of Fatigue and Heat Stress on Vigilance of Workers in Protective Clothing BIB- 885-889
  Paul S. Ray; Phillip A. Bishop; Gena Smith
Subjective Reactions to Wearing Disposable Respirators BIB- 890-894
  Barbara G. Jex Courter