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HFS Tables of Contents: 87-187-288-188-289-189-290-190-291-191-292-192-293-193-294-194-295-195-2

Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990-10-08

  1. HFS 1990-10-08 Volume 2
    1. International Technology Transfer: Progress in Development: Concentration on Basics
    2. Organizational Design and Management: Cost-Justifying Human Factors Support
    3. Organizational Design and Management: Macroergonomic Considerations in Office Environments
    4. Organizational Design and Management: Panel
    5. Organizational Design and Management: Overview of Management and Organizational Effects on Industrial Safety
    6. Organizational Design and Management: Macroergonomic Enhancement of Individual and Team Performance
    7. Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Man-Machine Interaction
    8. Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Dynamic Spatial Reasoning
    9. Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Human Performance
    10. Safety: Protective Equipment
    11. Safety: Safety and Hazard Communication
    12. Safety: Highway Safety: Identifying and Coping with the Impaired Driver
    13. Safety: The Arnold Small Lecture in Safety
    14. Safety: Panel
    15. Safety: Risk Perception
    16. Safety: Aviation Safety and Analysis
    17. Safety: Safety Potpourri
    18. Safety: Transportation Safety
    19. Special Sessions: Demonstrations
    20. System Development: Requirements Analysis and Design
    21. System Development: Modeling
    22. System Development: Emergencies in Complex Systems
    23. System Development: Panel
    24. System Development: Applied Decision Making
    25. System Development: Human Factors in the Maintenance and Inspection of Aircraft
    26. Test and Evaluation: Large-Scale System Evaluation
    27. Test and Evaluation: Methods and Tools
    28. Test and Evaluation: Models and Methods
    29. Test and Evaluation: Human Factors Measurement: The Challenge
    30. Test and Evaluation: Verbal Protocols as a Research Tool in Human Factors
    31. Test and Evaluation: Methods and Tools
    32. Training: Training Task Analysis
    33. Training: Training Methodology
    34. Training: Cognition and Training
    35. Training: Team Training
    36. Training: Training Media
    37. Training: Panel
    38. Training: Software Tools for Training
    39. Visual Performance: Physiological Measures of Human Performance
    40. Visual Performance: Panel
    41. Visual Performance: Visual Mechanisms in Human Performance
    42. Visual Performance: Spatial Displays
    43. Visual Performance: Object Displays
    44. Visual Performance: Cognitive Processing
    45. Visual Performance: Visual Performance Applications
    46. Visual Performance: Designing Aviation Displays
    47. Visual Performance: Visual Issues in Advanced Displays

HFS 1990-10-08 Volume 2

International Technology Transfer: Progress in Development: Concentration on Basics

Controlled English for International Technical Communication BIB- 815-819
  J. Peter Kincaid; Margaret Thomas; Kimberly Strain; Ivonne Couret; Kevin Bryden
The Implications of Schema Theory Reading Research to Technology Transfer in Developing Countries BIB- 820-823
  Gayle L. Nelson
Acquisition of Skills for New Plant Start-Up in Singapore Along with a Plan to Retain Employees BIB- 824-826
  Herman Birnbrauer
Primary Human Factors Considerations in the Transfer of Large-Scale Technological Systems to Developing Countries BIB- 827-831
  Najmedin Meshkati

Organizational Design and Management: Cost-Justifying Human Factors Support

Pay Me Now or Pay Me Later -- But How Much? BIBA 832-833
  Randolph G. Bias
Cost-Justifying Human Factors Support -- A Framework BIBA 834-838
  Deborah J. Mayhew
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Usability Engineering Techniques BIBA 839-843
  Clare-Marie Karat

Organizational Design and Management: Macroergonomic Considerations in Office Environments

Computer Use in the Scientific Office BIB- 844-848
  Doug Miller; Donald D. Davis; Frank Elio
Perceptions of Work Environment and Psychological Strain across Categories of Office Jobs BIB- 849-853
  Pascale C. Sainfort
Electronic Performance Monitoring, Job Design and Psychological Stress BIB- 854-858
  Katherine J. S. Rogers; Michael J. Smith; Pascale C. Sainfort
Computer-Aided Facilities Diagnostics: A New Software Tool for the Armory of the Macro-Ergonomist BIB- 859-863
  Alan Hedge; Dana Ellis

Organizational Design and Management: Panel

The Case for Integrating Human Factors and Industrial-Organizational Psychology BIB- 864-865
  Carlla S. Smith; Ogden, Jr. Brown; Eduardo Salas; Grace Waldrop
Diffusing Human Factors Expertise: Human Factors Training in the Client Community BIB- 866-867
  John G. Geirland; Michelle Robertson; Gunilla Bradley; Bruce Lierman

Organizational Design and Management: Overview of Management and Organizational Effects on Industrial Safety

Overview of Management and Organizational Effects on Industrial Safety BIB- 868-870
  Donald L. Schurman; Joel J. Kramer
Influence of Organizational Factors on Safety BIB- 871-875
  Sonja B. Haber; Daniel S. Metlay; Deborah A. Crouch
Empirical Studies of Candidate Leading Indicators of Safety in Nuclear Power Plants: An Expanded View of Human Factors Research BIB- 876-880
  Mary L. Nichols; Alfred A. Marcus
A Structure of Influences of Management and Organizational Factors on Unsafe Acts at the Job Performer Level BIB- 881-884
  Nancy S. Anderson; Donald L. Schurman; John Wreathall
Types, Tokens and Indicators BIB- 885-889
  James Reason

Organizational Design and Management: Macroergonomic Enhancement of Individual and Team Performance

Total Quality Management within a Navy Organization: Assessing the Transformation Process BIB- 890-894
  Delora M. McDaniel; Amy L. Culbertson; Tom L. Diamond; Linda M. Doherty
MANPRINT Enhancement Methods: Organizational Change Process Review BIB- 895-898
  Joseph I. Peters; Stephen P. Masterson; Glen Hewitt
The Adjustment to a Slowly Rotating Shift Schedule: Are Two Weeks Better Than One? BIB- 899-903
  James C. Duchon; Christopher M. Keran
Macroergonomic Considerations in Determining Minimum Safe Crew Size on Maritime Vessels BIB- 904-906
  Hal W. Hendrick; Martha Grabowski

Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Man-Machine Interaction

Social Influence and Preference of Direct-Manipulation and Keyboard-Command Computer Interfaces BIBA 907-911
  Michael S. Wogalter; Richard L. Frei
Interruption of a Monotonous Activity with Complex Tasks: Effects of Individual Differences BIB- 912-916
  Ph. Cabon; A. Coblentz; R. Mollard
Modeling Individual Differences at a Process Control Task BIB- 917-921
  C. Michael Lewis
The Iowa Silent Reading Test's Comprehension Section: Local Norms and Predictive Validity for Usability Studies BIB- 922-926
  James R. Lewis

Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Dynamic Spatial Reasoning

Individual Differences in Dynamic Spatial Reasoning BIB 927-928
  James W. Pellegrino
Factors Governing Performance in a Visual Interception Task BIB- 929-933
  Susan C. Fischer
Individual Differences in Strategic Processing in a Dynamic Spatial Reasoning Task BIB- 934-938
  Daniel T. Hickey
An Analysis of Performance in a Two Object Arrival Time Task BIB- 939-943
  David Law
Individual Differences in Real-Time Information Coordination: Relating Dynamic Spatial and Verbal Information BIB- 944-948
  Kevin A. Morrin

Personality and Individual Differences in Human Performance: Individual Differences in Human Performance

An Evaluation of Performance-Based Tests Designed to Predict Success in Primary Flight Training BIB- 949-953
  D. J. Blower; D. L. Dolgin
Driver Locus of Control: Age and Sex Differences in Predicting Driving Performance BIB- 954-958
  Lila F. Laux; John, Jr. Brelsford
Differences in Time-Sharing Ability Between Successful and Unsuccessful Trainees in the Landing Craft Air Cushion Vehicle Operator Training Program BIB- 959-961
  T. Nontasak; D. L. Dolgin
Do Intraclass Correlation Coefficients Index Interrater Agreement? BIB- 962-965
  Robert P. Mahan; Charles E. Lance; Julie A. LaPointe

Safety: Protective Equipment

The Effect of Law and Training on All-Terrain Vehicle Riders' Safety-Related Behaviors BIB- 966-970
  James P. Foley; Mark R. Lehto
Motorcycle Helmet Retention Devices: Convenience and Comfort BIB- 971-975
  David R. Thom; Michael Cann
Quantifying Subjective Reactions to Wearing Protective Equipment BIB- 976-980
  Max Vercruyssen; Barbara Jex Courter
Measure of Work Performance Decrement Due to Respirators BIB- 981-983
  Neil J. Zimmerman; Cindelyn Eberts; Gavriel Salvendy; George McCabe

Safety: Safety and Hazard Communication

The Effect of Symbols on Warning Compliance BIB- 984-987
  Linda S. Jaynes; David B. Boles
Human Factors Design of an AIDS Prevention Pamphlet BIB- 988-992
  Michael E. Wiklund; Beth A. Loring
Automotive Maintenance and Safety Preparedness among Drivers: Aspects of Age and Gender BIB- 993-997
  David L. Mayer; Lila F. Laux
Emerging Methodologies for the Assessment of Safety Related Product Communications BIB- 998-1002
  Timothy P. Rhoades; J. Paul Frantz; James M. Miller

Safety: Highway Safety: Identifying and Coping with the Impaired Driver

Highway Safety: Identifying and Coping with the Impaired Driver BIB- 1003-1004
  David Shinar
Preventing Alcohol-Impaired Driving: Evaluating Simple Behavioral Tests and their Effects on Driving Decisions BIB- 1005-1009
  Fredrick M. Streff; Michael J. Kalsher
The Effects of Raised Lane Markers on the Accident Involvement of Older and Alcohol-Impaired Drivers BIB- 1010-1014
  David Shinar; James C. Fell
Recognition of the Drug-Impaired Driver by Examination of Behavioral and Physiological Signs BIB- 1015-1019
  Marcelline Burns

Safety: The Arnold Small Lecture in Safety

Hazard Management: Principles, Applications and Evaluation BIB- 1020-1024
  Karl U. Smith

Safety: Panel

Smart Vehicles: New Directions for Human Factors Safety Research BIB- 1025-1026
  Michael Perel; H. Keith Brewer; Wade Allen

Safety: Risk Perception

Perceived Automobile Safety as a Function of Body Style, Cosmetic Design Variation, and Viewing Distance BIB- 1027-1031
  Dennis B. Beringer
Gender Differences in Traffic Accident Risk Perception BIB- 1032-1036
  David M. DeJoy
Factors Involved in Risk Perception BIB- 1037-1041
  S. David Leonard; G. William, IV Hill; Hajime Otani
Drivers as Decision Makers at Rail-Highway Grade Crossings BIB- 1042-1046
  Neil D. Lerner; Donna J. Ratte

Safety: Aviation Safety and Analysis

Requirements for an Aircraft Mishap Analysis System BIB- 1047-1051
  John F. Courtright
Pre-Flight Risk Assessment in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Helicopters BIB- 1052-1056
  Robert J. Shively
Analysis of General Aviation Accidents During Operations Under Instrument Flight Rules BIB- 1057-1061
  C. Thomas Bennett; M. Schwirzke; C. Harm
Vigilance in Transport Operations: Field Studies in Air Transport and Railways BIB- 1062-1066
  R. Mollard; A. Coblentz; Ph. Cabon

Safety: Safety Potpourri

Response Covariation as a Design Consideration in Developing Workplace Safety Interventions BIB- 1067-1071
  Fredrick M. Streff; Michael J. Kalsher
Analysis of Selected Scaffold-Related Fatal Falls BIB- 1072-1076
  Thomas G. Bobick; Catherine A. Bell; Ronald L. Stanevich; Dwayne L. Smith; Nancy A. Stout
Development of a Workstation Software Package to Support Probabilistic Safety Assessment BIB- 1077-1080
  Wendy J. Reece; David I. Gertman
Predicting the Effects of Stress on Performance BIB- 1081-1085
  P. A. Hancock; M. H. Chignell; M. Vercruyssen

Safety: Transportation Safety

Headlight Use BIB- 1086-1090
  Daniel Johnson
Designing Antecedent Strategies for Increasing Safe Driving: A Pledgecard for Encouraging Belts and Discouraging Booze BIB- 1091-1094
  Katrin A. Gamble; Michael J. Kalsher

Special Sessions: Demonstrations

A Testbed for the Evaluation of Computer Aids for Enroute Flight Path Planning BIB- 1095
  Philip J. Smith; Chuck Layton; Deb Galdes; C. Elaine McCoy
TAWL Operator Simulation System (TOSS) -- Version 4.0 BIB- 1096
  Laura A. Fulford; David B. Hamilton; Carl R. Bierbaum
DAS: A Graphical Computer System for the Collection of Musculoskeletal Discomfort Data BIB- 1097
  Norka Saldana

System Development: Requirements Analysis and Design

Substituting Rapid Prototyping for Task Analysis for a Major System Upgrade Project: Lessons Learned BIBA 1098-1102
  Robert E. Richards; James C. Byers; David G. Kuipers; Beva Gay Gilbert; Lon N. Haney
New Challenges for Iterative Software Design of a Panel-Oriented Interface BIBA 1103-1107
  Greta L. Myers; Deborah A. T. Larnerd
Workstation Design for ATC Systems BIBA 1108-1112
  Russell A. Benel; Louis M. Adams

System Development: Modeling

The Army MANPRINT IDEA (Integrated Decision/Engineering Aid) BIB- 1113-1116
  Thomas B. Malone; Christopher C. Heasly; David R. Eike
Task Analysis/Workload (TAWL): A Methodology for Predicting Operator Workload BIB- 1117-1121
  David B. Hamilton; Carl R. Bierbaum
Model Validation, Sensitivity Analysis, and Utilization with Micro SAINT: A Case Study BIB- 1122-1126
  Louis Tijerina; Delia Treaster

System Development: Emergencies in Complex Systems

Mathematical Description of Crew Response Times in Simulated Nuclear Power Plant Emergencies BIB- 1127-1131
  Barry H. Kantowitz; Alvah C., Jr. Bittner; Yushi Fujita
Modeling Operator Performance in Emergencies BIB- 1132-1136
  David D. Woods; Emilie M. Roth; Harry E., Jr. Pople
Decision Making in an Emergency: When Information is Not Enough BIB- 1137-1141
  William A. Wheeler; Patricia A. Bolton; Thomas F. Sanquist
Cockpit Distractions: Precursors to Emergencies BIB- 1142-1144
  Valerie E. Barnes; Willam P. Monan

System Development: Panel

Verbal Protocols as a Research Tool in Human Factors BIBA 1145-1147
  Gerhard Deffner; Harry L. Snyder; Alvah C., Jr. Bittner; Carolanne Fisher; Detlef Rhenius; Penelope M. Sanderson

System Development: Applied Decision Making

Methodology for Determining the Human Role in the Strategic Defense System Command Center BIB- 1148-1152
  Donna L. Cuomo; Anthony P. Rizzuto
Automated Tactical C2 Systems: Do They Support the Decision Maker? BIB- 1153-1157
  John A. Whittenburg
Application of Human Engineering to a Shipboard Damage Control Console BIB 1158-1162
  Kathryn Permenter Callahan; Clifford C. Baker; Thomas B. Malone; Franklin D. Pearce
An Integrated Embedded Training and Decision Aiding Design Methodology BIB- 1163-1166
  Joan M. Ryder; Allen L. Zaklad; Floyd A., III Glenn; Wayne W. Zachary

System Development: Human Factors in the Maintenance and Inspection of Aircraft

Human Factors in the Maintenance and Inspection of Aircraft BIB- 1167
  William T. Shepherd
A Program to Study Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance and Inspection BIB- 1168-1170
  William T. Shepherd
Advanced Technology for Aviation Maintenance Training: An Industry Status Report and Development Plan BIB- 1171-1175
  William B. Johnson
Organizational Context for Aircraft Maintenance and Inspection BIB- 1176-1180
  James C. Taylor
Task Analysis of Aircraft Inspection Activities: Methods and Findings BIB- 1181-1185
  C. G. Drury; P. Prabhu; A. Gramopadhye

Test and Evaluation: Large-Scale System Evaluation

Examining Human-System Interactions: The HSYS Methodology BIB- 1186-1189
  Susan G. Hill; Jerry L. Harbour; Christopher Sullivan; Bruce P. Hallbert
Using HSYS in the Analysis of Human-System Interactions: Examples from the Offshore Petroleum Industry BIB- 1190-1194
  Jerry L. Harbour; Susan G. Hill
Experimental Evaluation of a Diagnostic Rule-Based Expert System for the Nuclear Industry BIB- 1195-1199
  Conny B. O. Holmstroem; William R. Nelson
Empirical Identification of User Information Requirements in Command and Control Evaluation BIB- 1200-1203
  Marvin C. McCallum; Alvah C., Jr. Bittner; Richard V. Badalamente

Test and Evaluation: Methods and Tools

Assessing Icon Appropriateness and Icon Discriminability with a Paired-Comparison Testing Procedure BIBA 1204-1208
  Regis L. Magyar
Development and Evaluation of a Digital Critical Tracking Task BIB- 1209-1213
  Jonathan F. Antin; W. Patrick, Jr. Gatewood; Richard S. Dunn
Assessment of Workload in a Field Environment BIB- 1214-1218
  Michelle R. Sams; Richard E. Christ
Manpower, Personnel, Training and Safety (MPTS) Simulation Tools: Network and Simulation for Workload Assessment and Modeling (SIMWAM) BIB- 1219-1223
  Mark Kirkpatrick; Thomas B. Malone; Christopher C. Heasly; Clifford C. Baker

Test and Evaluation: Models and Methods

Empirical Models Based on Data from Several Experiments BIB- 1224-1228
  Sung H. Han; Robert C. Williges; Beverly H. Williges
Relative vs. Absolute Rating BIBA 1229-1232
  T. S. Liu; S. Narayanan; V. Subramanian; S. Konz
A Usability Testing Method Employing the "Trouble Model" BIBA 1233-1237
  Toshiyuki Asahi; Hitoshi Miyai
Guide for Human Performance Measurements BIB- 1238-1240
  Valerie J. Gawron; Leonard Cipriano; Edwin Fleishman; Fred Hegge; Ed Lehman; David Meister; John Reising

Test and Evaluation: Human Factors Measurement: The Challenge

Human Factors Measurement: The Challenge BIB 1241-1242
  David Meister; Thomas Enderwick; Alvah Bittner; Barry Kantowitz
An Alternative Measurement Paradigm BIB- 1243-1247
  D. Meister
Some Pragmatic Issues of Measurement BIB- 1248-1252
  Thomas P. Enderwick
Human Factors Measurement: Nature, Problems, and Strengthening BIB- 1253-1257
  Alvah C., Jr. Bittner
Can Cognitive Theory Guide Human Factors Measurement? BIB- 1258-1262
  Barry H. Kantowitz

Test and Evaluation: Verbal Protocols as a Research Tool in Human Factors

Verbal Protocols as a Research Tool in Human Factors BIBA 1263-1264
  Gerhard Deffner
Evaluation of Concurrent Thinking Aloud Using Eye-Tracking Data BIBA 1265-1269
  Detlef Rhenius; Gerhard Deffner
Concurrent versus Retrospective Verbal Protocol for Comparing Window Usability BIBA 1270-1274
  Victoria A. Bowers; Harry L. Snyder
The Playback Method of Protocol Analysis Applied to a Rapid Aiming Task BIBA 1275-1279
  T. J. Triggs; B. H. Kantowitz; B. S. Terrill; A. C., Jr. Bittner; T. E. Fleming
Verbal Protocol Analysis in Three Experimental Domains Using SHAPA BIBA 1280-1284
  Penelope M. Sanderson
The Value of Thinking-Aloud Protocols in Industry: A Case Study at Microsoft Corporation BIBA 1285-1289
  Susan Denning; Derek Hoiem; Mark Simpson; Kent Sullivan

Test and Evaluation: Methods and Tools

Workload and Strategic Adaptation Under Transformations on Visual-Coordinative Mappings BIB- 1290-1294
  J. K. Caird; P. A. Hancock; M. G. Wade; M. Vercruyssen
Task Analysis: A Polyhedral Dynamics Approach BIB- 1295-1298
  Luiz M. Cabral
Validation of a Driving Simulation Facility for Instrument Panel Task Performance BIB- 1299-1303
  Ko Kurokawa; Walter W. Wierwille

Training: Training Task Analysis

Taking Cognitive Task Analysis into the Field: Bridging the Gap from Research to Application BIBA 1304-1308
  Richard E. Redding
Cognitive Task Analysis for the Real(-Time) World BIBA 1309-1313
  Mark S. Schlager; Barbara Means; Chris Roth
Analyzing the Cognitive Demands of Problem-Solving Environments: An Approach to Cognitive Task Analysis BIBA 1314-1317
  Emilie M. Roth; David D. Woods
Applying Knowledge Engineering to Training and Technology Transfer BIBA 1318-1322
  Gary A. Klein; Beth Crandall
Knowledge Acquisition and Representation for the Systems Test and Operations Language (STOL) Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) BIBA 1323-1327
  Thomas L. Seamster; David R. Eike; Troy J. Ames

Training: Training Methodology

Prediction of Tank Gunnery Simulator Performance Using the APTS Battery BIBA 1328-1332
  James P. Bliss
Training Requirements Development for the Theater Air Command and Control Simulation Facility (TACCSF) BIBA 1333-1336
  Jerry M. Childs; William H. Acton
Development of a Part-Task, CBI Trainer Based Upon a Cognitive Task Analysis BIBA 1337-1341
  Richard E. Redding; Bruce Lierman
Meeting the Training and Development Needs of Knowledge Workers: What We Are Learning at EG&G Idaho, Inc. BIBA 1342-1346
  Robert E. Richards; Lamar A. Palmer; Sheri L. Martin

Training: Cognition and Training

Attention Theory as a Guide to Part-Training for Instruction of Naval Air-Intercept Control BIBA 1347-1351
  Anthony D. Andre; Gavan Lintern
Are They Shooting at Me?: An Approach to Training Situational Awareness BIBA 1352-1356
  Steven J. Kass; Daniel A. Herschler; Michael A. Companion
Development of Automatic Processing with Alphanumeric Materials BIBA 1357-1361
  F. Thomas Eggemeier; Andrea B. Granitz; Timothy E. Rogus; Eric E. Geiselman
The Effects of Training on Statistical Reasoning BIBA 1362-1366
  Scott F. Jones; Nancy J. Cooke

Training: Team Training

The Effectiveness of Aeronautical Decisionmaking Training BIB- 1367-1371
  Alan Diehl
A Comparison of Two Types of Training Interventions on Team Communication Performance BIB- 1372-1376
  Donald L. Lassiter; Jeremy S. Vaughn; Virginia E. Smaltz; Ben B., Jr. Morgan; Eduardo Salas
A Model for Evaluation and Training in Aircrew Coordination and Cockpit Resource Management BIB- 1377-1381
  Robert Simon; Daniel T. Risser; Eugene A., Sr. Pawlik; Dennis K. Leedom
Does Crew Coordination Behavior Impact Performance? BIB- 1382-1386
  Rene'e J. Stout; Janis A. Cannon-Bowers; Eduardo Salas; Ben B., Jr. Morgan

Training: Training Media

Display Design Guide for Visual Media BIB- 1387-1390
  Jada D. Brooks; Richard D. Gilson; Harley R. Myler
Individual Differences and Training Program Development BIB- 1391-1395
  Richard E. Redding
Factors Related to Skill Degradation and their Implications for Refresher Training BIB- 1396-1399
  JoAnn C. Rullo; L. Bruce McDonald
Human Factors Considerations in the Design of Displays and Switches for a Flight Simulator's Onboard Instructor/Operator Station (IOS) BIB- 1400-1404
  Thomas L. Seamster; Richard H. Glass

Training: Panel

Network and Virtual-World Technologies for Training: A Panel Presentation and Discussion BIB- 1405-1406
  Earl A. Alluisi; James S. Cary; L. Neale Cosby; Robert L. Kloecker; Franklin L. Moses

Training: Software Tools for Training

Building an Intelligent Tutoring System: Some Guidelines from a Study of Human Tutors BIBA 1407-1411
  Deborah K. Galdes; Philip J. Smith
Knowledge Engineering for Hypertext Instructional Systems BIBA 1412-1416
  Sallie E. Gordon; Vicki Lewis
Performance, Throughput, and Cost of In-Home Training for the Army Reserve: Using Asynchronous Computer Conferencing as an Alternative to Resident Training BIBA 1417-1421
  Heidi Ann Hahn; Robert L., Jr. Ashworth; Ruth H. Phelps; James C. Byers
Responsive Text: A Training Environment for Literacy and Job Skills BIBA 1422-1425
  Michael Hillinger

Visual Performance: Physiological Measures of Human Performance

Towards the Real-Time Measurement of Mental Workload BIBA 1426-1430
  Darryl G. Humphrey; Arthur F. Kramer; Erik J. Sirevaag
The Use of Single Event Evoked Cerebral Potentials to Predict Stimulus Identifications BIB- 1431-1435
  Christopher C. Smyth
The Negative Difference Event-Related Brain Potential During Cross-Modality Time-Sharing BIB- 1436-1440
  Christopher Sullivan
Physiological and Subjective Evaluation of a New Aircraft Display BIBA 1441-1443
  Glenn F. Wilson; Edward Hughes; John Hassoun

Visual Performance: Panel

A Forty-Year Perspective on Compatibility Phenomena: A Panel in Honor of Arnold M. Small, Sr. BIB 1444-1446
  Robert W. Proctor; Daniel J. Weeks; Earl A. Alluisi; J. Richard Simon; Barry H. Kantowitz

Visual Performance: Visual Mechanisms in Human Performance

Effect of Image Polarity on VDT Task Performance BIBA 1447-1451
  Harry L. Snyder; Jennie J. Decker; Charles J. C. Lloyd; Craig Dye
Maintenance of Correct Accommodations in Red, Green, and White Light Environments BIBA 1452-1455
  Edward Trautman; Mary Ann Trautman; Vernon Ellingstad
Visual Mechanisms and Predictors of Far Field Visual Task Performance BIBA 1456-1460
  Andrew V. Barber
Character Aspect Ratio and Design Tradeoffs BIBA 1461-1464
  Benjamin L. Somberg

Visual Performance: Spatial Displays

Symbolic Enhancement of Perspective Displays BIBA 1465-1469
  Stephen R. Ellis; Selim S. Hacisalihzade
Visual Enhancements and Geometric Field of View as Factors in the Design of a Three-Dimensional Perspective Display BIBA 1470-1473
  Woodrow Barfield; Rafael Lim; Craig Rosenberg
Orientation Information on Spatial Displays BIBA 1474-1478
  Erika J. Yungkurth; Bruce G. Coury
Three Dimensional Display Technology for Aerospace and Visualization BIBA 1479-1483
  Christopher D. Wickens; Steven Todd

Visual Performance: Object Displays

Resource Allocation and Object Displays BIBA 1484-1488
  Pamela S. Tsang; William E. Bates
A Comparison of Space-Based and Object-Based Models of Visual Attention BIBA 1489-1493
  Arthur F. Kramer; Andrew Jacobson
Graphical Information Processing: The Effects of Proximity Compatibility BIBA 1494-1498
  C. Melody Carswell
Effects of Noise and Workload on Performance with Two Object Displays vs. a Separated Display BIBA 1499-1503
  Kan Zhang; Christopher D. Wickens

Visual Performance: Cognitive Processing

Central Processing Load, Response Demands and Tracking Strategies BIBA 1504-1508
  Barry P. Goettl; Jane Joseph
Reduction of Cognitive Workload through Information Chunking BIBA 1509-1513
  Michael J. Kahn; Kay C. Tan; Robert J. Beaton
The Effect of Cognitive Workload, Job Enrichment Environment, and Spatial Ability on Goal Structures and Strategies BIBA 1514-1518
  Liwana S. Bringelson; Ray Eberts
The Effectiveness of Color-Coding in Visual Displays: Does Practice Make a Difference? BIB 1519-1523
  Rebecca M. T. Jubis

Visual Performance: Visual Performance Applications

Status or Recommendation: Selecting the Type of Information for Decision Aiding BIBA 1524-1528
  William M. Crocoll; Bruce G. Coury
Rifle Marksmanship with Three Types of Combat Clothing BIB- 1529-1532
  Richard F. Johnson; Donna J. McMenemy; Douglas T. Dauphinee
Selective Attention with Auxiliary Automobile Displays BIBA 1533-1537
  Y. Ian Noy
The Effects of Simulator Time Delays on a Sidestep Landing Maneuver: A Preliminary Investigation BIB- 1538-1541
  James D. Whiteley; Steven L. Lusk; Matthew S. Middendorf

Visual Performance: Designing Aviation Displays

Information Representations for Aircraft Attitude Displays BIB 1542-1546
  Robert K. Osgood; Michael Venturino
Effects of Variations in Head-Up Display Airspeed and Altitude Representations on Basic Flight Performance BIB- 1547-1551
  William R. Ercoline; Kent K. Gillingham
Aiding Type and Format Compatibility for Decision Aid Interface Design BIB- 1552-1556
  Barbara J. Barnett
Tracking and Letter Classification Under Dichoptic and Binocular Viewing Conditions BIB- 1557-1561
  Daniel Gopher; Arthur Grunwald; Zvi Straucher; Ruth Kimchi

Visual Performance: Visual Issues in Advanced Displays

The Effects of Transient Adaptation on Cockpit Operations BIBA 1562-1566
  Edward J. Rinalducci; Donald L. Lassiter; Lawrence Mitchell
Field-of-View Effects on a Simulated Flight Task with Head-Down and Head-Up Sensor Imagery Displays BIBA 1567-1571
  Michael S. Brickner; David C. Foyle
Head Movements as a Function of Field-of-View Size on a Helmet-Mounted Display BIBA 1572-1576
  Michael Venturino; Maxwell J. Wells
The Impact of Visual Noise on Spatial Orientation BIBA 1577-1581
  Brian P. Dyre; George J. Andersen