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HFS Tables of Contents: 87-187-288-188-289-189-290-190-291-191-292-192-293-193-294-194-295-195-2

Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 31st Annual Meeting 1987-10-19

Fullname:Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 31st Annual Meeting
Note:Rising to New Heights with Technology
Location:New York
Dates:1987-Oct-19 to 1987-Oct-22
Standard No:ISSN 0163-5182; hcibib: HFS87-1
Links:Online Proceedings
  1. Presidential Address
  2. Invited Keynote Address
  3. Panel
  4. User Interface Management Systems
  5. Operator/User Modeling
  6. Symbols, Warnings, and Instructions
  7. Panel
  8. Work Load I
  9. Team Development in Operational Team Training Systems
  10. Mental Models, Visual Displays and Complex Systems
  11. Random Access I
  12. Human Performance and Information Processing I
  13. Macroergonomics: Integrating Human Factors and Organizational Behavior Approaches to Organizational Design and Management
  14. Automation Safety
  15. General Techniques of Test and Evaluation
  16. Issues in Training Design
  17. Performance Issues in Displays and Controls
  18. Communications I
  19. Intelligent Tutoring and Help Systems
  20. Issues and Research in Human Factors Education
  21. Biomechanical Methods
  22. Organizational Culture and Participatory Ergonomics
  23. Human Factors Tools, Tools, and Tools
  24. Work Load II
  25. The Criterion Task Set: Current Research and Applications
  26. Performance
  27. Control and Editing Techniques
  28. Manual Materials Handling
  29. Warnings for Safety
  30. Simulator Sickness
  31. Perceptual/Cognitive Aspects of Display Formats and Codes
  32. Displays I
  33. Safety and Aging: Issues at Work, Driving, and Flying
  34. Understanding Direct Manipulation Interfaces
  35. Designing Consumer Products for People
  36. Issues in Forensic Human Factors
  37. Impact of Human Performance on System Performance
  38. Information Processing Theory for Training: Research and Applications
  39. Capacity Limitations in Human Information Processing: Theory and Implications
  40. Panel
  41. Communications II
  42. Menu Design and Use

Presidential Address

Comments on Product Safety BIBA 1-14
  Julien M. Christensen

Invited Keynote Address

New Technology, Human Performance and Transportation System Safety BIBA 15-20
  John K. Lauber


Aging and Skilled Performance BIBA 21
  Neil Charness; William Hoyer; Michael Stones; John Cerella

User Interface Management Systems

Are We Boxing Ourselves in with the UIMS Box? BIBA 22-24
  John E. Lovgren
User Interface Design Tools BIBA 25-29
  Dick Penn
Making UIMSs Useful BIBA 30
  Jim Rhyne

Operator/User Modeling

Operator Modeling: Conceptual and Methodological Distinctions BIBA 31-35
  Patricia M. Jones; Christine M. Mitchell
Providing On-Line Advice for a Dynamic Control Task: A Case Study in Intelligent Support System Design BIBA 36-40
  E. M. Roth; D. D. Woods; W. C. Elm; J. M., Jr. Gallagher
Empirical User Modeling: Command Usage Analyses for Deriving Models of Users BIBA 41-45
  Matthew P. Anderson; James E. McDonald; Roger W. Schvaneveldt
Two Models of User Assistance BIBA 46-50
  Andrew M. Cohill

Symbols, Warnings, and Instructions

Designing Airline Passenger Safety Cards BIBA 51-55
  John K. Schmidt; Kragg P. Kysor
Layout, Organization, and the Effectiveness of Consumer Product Warnings BIBA 56-60
  David R. Desaulniers


The Human Side of Technology BIBA 61-62
  Harold E. (Smoke) Price; Earl L. Wiener; H. McIlvaine Parsons; James D. Baker

Work Load I

Alternative Approaches to Analyzing SWAT Data BIBA 63-66
  David W. Biers; Philip J. Masline
Subjective Workload Under Individual and Team Performance Conditions BIBA 67-71
  Barry H. Beith
Decision Support for Workload Assessment: Introducing WC FIELDE BIBA 72-76
  Patricia A. Casper; Robert J. Shively; Sandra G. Hart
An Examination of Projective versus Post-Task Subjective Workload Ratings for Three Psychometric Scaling Techniques BIBA 77-80
  Philip J. Masline; David W. Biers

Team Development in Operational Team Training Systems

Team Development in Operational Team Training Systems BIBA 81
  James T. Lester
The Evolution and Maturation of Operational Teams in a Training Environment BIBA 82-86
  Eduardo Salas; Ben B., Jr. Morgan; Albert S. Glickman
Instructional Process in Team Training BIBA 87-91
  Douglas L. Miller; Paula J. Guerette; Ben B., Jr. Morgan
Changes in Team Behaviors during Operational Training BIBA 92-96
  R. Craig Montero; Wanda J. Campbell; Seth Zimmer; Albert S. Glickman
Development of Instructional Design Guidelines for Team Training Devices BIBA 97-101
  Robert W. Swezey; Eduardo Salas

Mental Models, Visual Displays and Complex Systems

A Study of the Mental Model of a Complex Dynamic System: The Effect of Display Aiding and Contextual System Training BIBA 102-106
  Kan Zhang; Christopher D. Wickens
Multidimensional Scaling as a Method for Probing the Conceptual Structure of State Categories: An Individual Differences Analysis BIBA 107-111
  Monica C. Zubritzky; Bruce G. Coury
Visual Display Representation of Multidimensional Systems: The Effect of System Structure and Display Integrality BIBA 112-115
  Elizabeth J. Casey
Classification of Multidimensional Data under Time Constraints: Evaluating Digital and Configural Display Representations BIBA 116-120
  Margery D. Boulette; Bruce G. Coury; Nadeem A. Bezar
Principles of Film Editing and Display System Design BIBA 121-124
  John A. Wise; Anthony Debons

Random Access I

Learning and Preference for Icon-Based Interface BIBA 125-129
  Douglas J. Brems; William B., II Whitten
Alphabet Soup: Case and Order in Index Search BIBA 130-134
  Irene A. Faivre; Deborah A. Krysiak
Authenticating Users by Word Association BIBAK 135-138
  Sidney L. Smith
Perceptions of Computer Manuals: A View from the Field BIBA 139-143
  Elizabeth M. Comstock; Elizabeth Anne Clemens

Human Performance and Information Processing I

Failure to Identify "Identifiable" Sounds BIBA 144-146
  James A. Ballas; Kristin N. Dick; Mary R. Groshek
Stimulus Probability, Surprise, and Reaction Time BIBA 147-150
  Tarald O. Kvalseth
The Development of a Response Sequence: A New Description of Human Sampling Behaviour with Multiple Independent Sources of Information BIBA 151-155
  Jan H. van Delft
The Impact of Automation on Error Detection: Some Results from a Visual Discrimination Task BIBA 156-160
  Robert B. Fuld; Yili Liu; Christopher D. Wickens
Complex Task Performance under Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff: Single Task versus Dual Task BIBA 161-165
  Nuray Aykin; Turgut Aykin

Macroergonomics: Integrating Human Factors and Organizational Behavior Approaches to Organizational Design and Management

Macroergonomics: Integrating Human Factors and Organizational Behavior Approaches to Organizational Design and Management BIBA 166-167
  Andrew S. Imada
The Evolution of Organizational Design from Independent to Dependent Variable BIBA 168-172
  Ogden, Jr. Brown
Contemporary Issues for Macroergonomics BIBA 173-175
  Andrew S. Imada

Automation Safety

Assessment and Development of HF Related Safety Designs for Industrial Robots and Robotic Systems BIBA 176-180
  Theodore Marton; Joan L. Pulaski
Ergonomic Considerations in Robot Selection and Safety BIBA 181-185
  Robert M. Wygant; Charles E. Donaghey
Human Perception of the Maximum Safe Speed of Robot Motions BIBA 186-190
  Waldemar Karwowski; T. Plank; M. Parsaei; M. Rahimi
A Model of Human Reaction Time to Dangerous Robot Arm Movements BIBA 191-195
  Martin G. Helander; Mark H. Karwan; John Etherton
Accident Proneness in the Industrial Setting BIBA 196-199
  David L. Mayer; Scott F. Jones; Kenneth R., Sr. Laughery
Do Identical Circumstances Preceed Minor and Major Injuries? BIBA 200-204
  Susana R. Lozada-Larson; Kenneth R., Sr. Laughery

General Techniques of Test and Evaluation

Theoretical Review of the Secondary Task Methodology for Evaluating Intelligent Automobile Displays BIBA 205-209
  Y. Ian Noy
Evaluation of Trailer Hitches Using Ergonomic Principles BIBA 210-213
  K. Lee; A. Waikar; F. Aghazadeh; F. Chen
Organizational Effectiveness of Computer-Aided Design BIBA 214-217
  Douglas H. Harris; Steven M. Casey
Multi-Factor Evaluation of Tactical Planning Aids BIBA 218-221
  Douglas H. Harris; James Geiwitz
Confounded Experimental Designs and Human Factors Research BIBA 222-223
  Jon Weimer
Findings in Measuring the Usage of Online Documentation BIBA 224-227
  Eugene H. Ross

Issues in Training Design

Environmental Requirements for Computer Assisted Instruction BIBA 228-232
  Daniel Christinaz; Frederick G. Knirk
Simulator Design Features for Helicopter Shipboard Landings BIBA 233-237
  Daniel J. Sheppard; Joyce Madden; Sherrie A. Jones
A Prototype Taxonomy of Training Device Visual Systems BIBA 238-242
  J. Peter Kincaid; Dee H. Andrews; Richard Gilson

Performance Issues in Displays and Controls

Eye and Head Displacement to Targets Fixated in the Vertical and Horizontal Planes BIBA 243-247
  William P. Janson; David L. Quam; Gloria L. Calhoun
Step Tracking Shrinking Targets BIBA 248-252
  Walter W. Johnson; Sandra G. Hart
Time-Sharing Visual and Auditory Tracking Tasks BIBA 253-257
  Pamela S. Tsang; Michael A. Vidulich
Raising Control/Display Efficiency with Rapid Communication Display Technology BIBA 258-262
  Ethel Matin; Kenneth R. Boff; Rebecca Donovan
Induced Roll Vection from Stimulation of the Central Visual Field BIBA 263-265
  George J. Andersen; Brian P. Dyre

Communications I

Learning and Using Office Automation on Personal Computers: A Voice/Phone Application BIBA 266-269
  Anna M. Wichansky
Experiences with an Integrated Voice and Text Message Service BIBA 270-274
  Christine A. Riley
Callers' Perceptions of Post-Dialing Delays: The Effects of a New Signaling Technology BIBA 275-279
  Stephen J. Lupker; Gregory J. Fleet; Brian R. Shelton

Intelligent Tutoring and Help Systems

Intelligent Tutoring and Help Systems BIBA 280
  Philip J. Smith; Elliot Soloway; John Carroll
Using the User's Intelligence to Design Intelligent Interfaces BIBA 281-284
  John M. Carroll

Issues and Research in Human Factors Education

Implementation of a Shared Human Factors Support Program between Academia and Industry BIBA 285-288
  Susan C. Hoffman; Mark S. Hoffman
Classroom Teaching, Implicit Learning and the Deleterious Effects of Inappropriate Explication BIBA 289-292
  David B. Porter
Similarities and Differences in the Implicit Causal Models of Faculty and Students BIBA 293-297
  David B. Porter
Human Factors in the People's Republic of China: Some Observations Based on a Faculty Exchange Program BIBA 298-301
  Jasper E. Shealy
Laboratory Exercises in Human Factors at the Undergraduate Level BIBA 302-306
  David A. Miller; Jasper E. Shealy

Biomechanical Methods

Investigation into the Oscillatory Behaviour of the Spinal Column Under Whole Body Vibration BIBA 307-309
  R. A. Bonney; E. N. Corlett
Muscle Strength Assessment from the EMG Frequency Spectrum BIBA 310-314
  Eui S. Jung
Quantifying the Precision of Biomechanical Calculations Using Experimental Data BIBA 315-317
  M. Tracy; E. N. Corlett
Biomechanical Effects of Force Exertions while Kneeling BIBA 318-322
  C. M. Haslegrave; M. Tracy; E. N. Corlett
In Vivo Estimation of the Coefficient of Friction between Extrinsic Flexor Tendons and Surrounding Structures in the Carpal Tunnel BIBA 323-324
  Thomas J. Albin
Fitting Population Anthropometric Data to a Proportional Man Model with Reference to Prime Computer's SAMMIE Program BIBA 325-329
  Samuel G. Schiro; Mark H. Karwan; Richard Dutton; Charles T. Brunskill

Organizational Culture and Participatory Ergonomics

Structure of Domination, Organizational Culture and the Facilitation of Feelings in the Partnership BIBA 330-334
  Devendra Bhagat
Cultural Context and Development of Partnership BIBA 335-339
  Devendra Bhagat; David D. Williams
Job Design and Levels of Physical and Mental Strain among Prison Officers BIBA 340-344
  D. L. Morrison; D. Ou; D. Roberts

Human Factors Tools, Tools, and Tools

Advanced Human Factors Engineering Tool Technologies BIBA 345-349
  Kathryn E. Permenter; Stephen A. Fleger; Thomas B. Malone
Human Factors Engineering Planning Aid BIBA 350-352
  Stephen C. Merriman
The Design and Development of a Crew Display Demonstrator BIBA 353-357
  David R. Baum; Raymond W. Schaefer; Mark B. Mikula
Prediction of Personnel Requirements for System Operation BIBA 358-362
  Floyd A., III Glenn; A. O. Dick; Alvah C., Jr. Bittner
STALL: A Simple Model for Workload Analysis in Early System Development BIBA 363-367
  Gerald P. Chubb; Noreen Stodolsky; Warren D. Fleming; John A. Hassoun

Work Load II

Analytic Techniques for the Assessment of Operator Workload BIBA 368-372
  Susan G. Hill; Brian D. Plamondon; Walter W. Wierwille; Robert J. Lysaght; A. O. Dick; Alvah C., Jr. Bittner
Effects of Task Loading and Time on Recognition Memory Performance BIBA 373-377
  Eui S. Jung; Joseph H. Goldberg
The Effect of Constructing Multiple-Choice Distractor Items Around a Single Target Alternative BIBA 378-381
  Michael S. Wogalter; D. Bradley Marwitz
Adaptive Questionnaire Applications BIBA 382-385
  Bruce H. Taylor
Development of a Test Battery and Rating Scale for Morse Intercept Operators BIBA 386-388
  F. L. Carter; V. A. Rappold; B. G. Knapp; V. C. Irizarry

The Criterion Task Set: Current Research and Applications

Factor Structure of the Criterion Task Set BIBA 389-393
  Robert E. Schlegel; Kirby Gilliland; Betina Schlegel
The Development of a Spatial Orientation Task for Inclusion in the Criterion Task Set (CTS) BIBA 394-397
  Donald J. Polzella; Philip J. Masline; John R. Amell; William A. Perez; Eric G. Ramsey
A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis of Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) Ratings of the Criterion Task Set (CTS) BIBA 398-401
  Donald J. Polzella; Gary B. Reid
Relationship between Criterion Task Set Performance and the Personality Variables of Sensation Seeking and Stimulus Screening BIBA 402-404
  Kirby Gilliland; Robert Schlegel; Sharon Dannels
The Criterion Task Set: An Updated Battery BIBA 405-409
  John R. Amell; F. Thomas Eggemeier; William H. Acton


Human Factors Considerations for Enhancing Performance in the Naval Airship BIBA 410-413
  Lauren B. Leveton; Bethany H. Drum; Peter Engel; Timothy K. O'Donohue
Dynamic Function Allocation in Fighter Cockpits BIBA 414-418
  Anthony J. Aretz; Joseph C. Hickox; Susan R. Kesler
Voice and Manual Control in Dual Task Situations BIBA 419-423
  Leray L. Leber; Christopher D. Wickens; Christopher Bakke; Michael Sulek; William Marshak
Airborne Message Entry by Voice Recognition BIBA 424-427
  Christian P. Skriver
Information Transfer in Pilots' Use of a Collision Avoidance System BIBA 428-431
  Sheryl L. Chappell; Barry C. Scott; Charles E. Billings
An Interactive Multi-Objective Decision-Aiding System for Tactical Mission Planning BIBA 432-436
  Leonid Charny; Mary E. Hornsby; Thomas B. Sheridan

Control and Editing Techniques

An Evaluation of Display/Control Gain BIBA 437-441
  Lynn Y. Arnaut; Joel S. Greenstein
A Comparison of Cursor Control Devices on a Graphics Editing Task BIBA 442-446
  Brian W. Epps

Manual Materials Handling

Internal Trunk-Loading Sequence Responses to Lifting Motions BIBA 447-451
  W. S. Marras; C. H. Reilly
Exploratory Biomechanical Studies to Determine Worker Fitness for Manual Material Handling Tasks BIBA 452-456
  John C. Hungerford; Baron P. Johnson
Reducing Manual Materials Handling in Underground Coal Mining with Mechanical-Assist Devices BIBA 457-461
  Thomas G. Bobick; Richard L. Unger; Ernest J. Conway
Effects of Lifting in Four Restricted Work Postures BIBA 462-466
  Sean Gallagher; Richard L. Unger; E. William Rossi
Dynamic Lifting Strengths of Male and Female Teams: A Comparative Study BIBA 467-470
  Waldemar Karwowski
The Effects of Seam Height, Scaling Method, and Bar Weight Distribution on Scaling Effectiveness and Electromyographic Activity BIBA 471-475
  Steven A. Lavender; William S. Marras

Warnings for Safety

A Comparative Evaluation of Warning Label Designs BIBA 476-478
  Richard T. Gill; Christine Barbera; Terrence Precht
Measured Impact of a Mandated Warning on User Behavior BIBA 479-483
  G. E. McCarthy; D. P. Horst; R. R. Beyer; J. N. Robinson; R. L. McCarthy
A Method for Correcting Biases in Risk Perception BIBA 484-487
  Sandra S. Godfrey

Simulator Sickness

Postural Disequilibrium Following Training Flights BIBA 488-491
  J. E. Fowlkes; R. S. Kennedy; M. G. Lilienthal
Effects of Visual Display and Motion System Delays on Operator Performance and Uneasiness in a Driving Simulator BIBA 492-496
  Lawrence H. Frank; John G. Casali; Walter W. Wierwille
Visual Display Factors Contributing to Simulator Sickness BIBA 497-501
  Lawrence J. Hettinger; Margaret D. Nolan; Robert S. Kennedy; Kevin S. Berbaum; Kevin P. Schnitzius; Katrina M. Edinger
Simulator Sickness Research Program at NASA-Ames Research Center BIBA 502-504
  Michael E. McCauley; Anthony M. Cook
Simulator Induced Syndrome: Evidence for Long Term Simulator Aftereffects BIBA 505-509
  Timothy J. Ungs

Perceptual/Cognitive Aspects of Display Formats and Codes

Selection of Visual Display Symbology: A New Metric of Similarity BIBA 510-513
  Daniel Workman; Donald L. Fisher
The Effects of Modality and Stress across Task Type on Human Performance BIBA 514-518
  Kenneth L. Pamperin; Christopher D. Wickens
Empirical Studies of Interactive Computer Graphics: Perceptual and Cognitive Issues BIBA 519-523
  James Sandford; Woodrow Barfield; James Foley
Highlighting and Search Strategy Considerations in Computer-Generated Displays BIBA 524-528
  Kay C. Tan; Donald L. Fisher
Organization: Critical for Holistic Processing BIBA 529-532
  Dean G. Jensen

Displays I

Situational Awareness in Map Displays BIBA 533-535
  William P. Marshak; Gilbert Kuperman; Eric G. Ramsey; Denise Wilson
Knowledge Aided Display Design (KADD) System: An Evaluation BIBA 536-540
  Ruston M. Hunt; Paul R. Frey
Aerospace Applications of Image Development Language BIBA 541-542
  Bruce Foster Gomberg; Bruce Amberden; Ken Pullen
A Comparison of Shape/Object Displays, Quasi Shape Displays, and Conventional Univariate Indicators: Integration Benefits or the "Nearer to Thee" Effect? BIBA 543-547
  Dennis B. Beringer; Steven E. Chrisman
Comparison of Workload Measures on Computer-Generated Primary Flight Displays BIBA 548-552
  Mark Nataupsky; Terence S. Abbott

Safety and Aging: Issues at Work, Driving, and Flying

Industrial Accidents: Does Age Matter? BIBA 553-557
  Comila Shahani
Age Differences in Judgements of Vehicle Velocity and Distance BIBA 558-561
  Charles T. Scialfa; Donald W. Kline; Brian J. Lyman; William Kosnik
Is Selective Screening of Older Drivers for Vision Feasible? BIBA 562-564
  Raymond P. Briggs

Understanding Direct Manipulation Interfaces

Understanding Direct Manipulation Interfaces BIBA 565
  Catherine G. Wolf; Ben Shneiderman
Evaluating User Interface Complexity BIBA 566-570
  John Karat
Interface Style and Eclecticism: Moving Beyond Categorical Approaches BIBA 571-575
  Dennis Wixon; Michael Good
A Taxonomic Approach to Understanding Direct Manipulation BIBA 576-580
  Catherine G. Wolf; James R. Rhyne

Designing Consumer Products for People

Using Sensor Lines to Show Control-Display Linkages on a Four Burner Stove BIBA 581-584
  David W. Osborne; Vernon S. Ellingstad
Optimizing a Portable Terminal Keyboard for Combined One-Handed and Two-Handed Use BIBA 585-589
  Michael E. Wiklund; Joseph S. Dumas; Lawrence R. Hoffman
A Study of Human Performance in a Sewing Task BIBA 590-594
  M. Ali Montazer; Suresh K. Vyas; Ronald N. Wentworth

Issues in Forensic Human Factors

Some Guidelines for Human Factors Expert Witness Testimony BIBA 595-599
  Leslie A. Whitaker; G. Spencer Miller
Unreasonably Dangerous BIBA 600-604
  Michael W. Riley; David J. Cochran; Ram R. Bishu
Utilization of a Reverse Systems Engineering Approach for the Assessment of Defendant's Positions in Product Liability Cases BIBA 605-609
  Helmut E. Knee; Michele Terranova; Richard J. Carter; Paul M. Haas
Factors Affecting Consumers' Perceptions of Product Warnings: An Examination of the Differences between Male and Female Consumers BIBA 610-614
  Cindy LaRue; H. Harvey Cohen
Consumer Products: How Are the Hazards Perceived? BIBA 615-619
  Michael S. Wogalter; David R. Desaulniers; John W., Jr. Brelsford

Impact of Human Performance on System Performance

Impact of Human Performance on System Performance BIBA 620
  Edward M. Connelly
MANPRINT Methods Development BIBA 621-624
  Jonathan D. Kaplan
System Requirements Development Methodology BIBA 625-628
  Joseph, III Conroy
A Theory of Human Performance Assessment BIBA 629-633
  Edward M. Connelly
Isoperformance: Trading Off Selection, Training, and Equipment Variations to Maintain the Same Level of Systems Performance BIBA 634-637
  Marshall B. Jones; Robert S. Kennedy; Lois A. Kuntz; Dennis R. Baltzley
The Use of Surrogate Techniques for the Measurement of Team Performance BIBA 638-642
  Janet J. Turnage; Norman E. Lane

Information Processing Theory for Training: Research and Applications

A Human Information Processing Theory of Skill Acquisition: A Training Systems View BIBA 643-647
  Virginia E. Pendergrass; Cheryl J. Hamel; Eduardo Salas
Attention Theory and Training Research BIBA 648-651
  James G., Jr. Connelly; Christopher D. Wickens; Gavan Lintern; Kelly Harwood
High Performance Cognitive Skill Acquisition: Perceptual/Rule Learning BIBA 652-656
  Arthur D. Fisk
Memory-Encoding Strategies and Concurrent-Task Practice: New Implications for Complex Skill Training BIBA 657-661
  Peter S. Winne
Instruction for Military Air Intercept Control BIBA 662-666
  Lisa F. Weinstein
The Search for Underlying Internal Processes (UIPs) BIBA 667-671
  Robert J., Jr. Wherry

Capacity Limitations in Human Information Processing: Theory and Implications

Capacity Limitations in Human Information Processing: Theory and Applications BIBA 672-673
  Michael Venturino; F. Thomas Eggemeier
Applications of Automatic/Control Processing Theory to Complex Tasks: An Encouraging Look BIBA 674-678
  Arthur D. Fisk; Mark M. Eboch
Cross-Modal Interference and Task Integration: Resources or Preemption Switching? BIBA 679-683
  Christopher D. Wickens; Lee Fracker; Jayson Webb
A Connectionist/Control Architecture for Working Memory and Workload: Why Working Memory is Not 7+/-2 BIBA 684-688
  Mark Detweiler; Walter Schneider
Estimating Capacity Equivalence Curves Following Practice on a Consistently Mapped Task BIBA 689-693
  Herbert A. Colle; Mary-Louise Jenkins


Aging and Technological Innovation BIBA 694-695
  David B. D. Smith; Sara Czaja; M. Cherie Clark; Paul Haber; Robert Harootyan

Communications II

A Comparative Assessment of Computer-Based Media for Presenting Job Task Instructions BIBA 696-700
  William A. Nugent
Social Exchange in Group Consensus Development: Face-to-Face versus Electronic Mail BIBA 701-705
  Vitaly J. Dubrovsky
A Comparison of Hardcopy and Expert System Presentation of Network Operator Assistance Guides BIBA 706-709
  D. C. Antonelli
Reworking the User Interface During Convergence of Several Software Products BIBA 710-714
  Lynn C. Percival

Menu Design and Use

Comparison of Horizontal and Vertical Menu Formats BIBA 715-717
  Richard W. Backs; Larry C. Walrath; Glenn A. Hancock
Random versus Ordered Menus in Self-Terminating Menu Searches BIBA 718-721
  Jeffrey L. Harpster
Optimizing Visual Search and Cursor Movement in Pull-Down Menus BIBA 722-726
  Ellen P. Francik; Richard M. Kane
Time Stress Effects on Two Menu Selection Systems BIBA 727-731
  Daniel F. Wallace; Nancy S. Anderson; Ben Shneiderman